If you weigh 20% more than the weight considered normal for your height, you are obese. Your overweight can cause you to suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, breathing problems or even some cancers. Not every obese has all or any of these problems but those who have a family history of one of those conditions are more at risk. Which part of your body is bulky may matter like having a bulky tummy is riskier than the extra weight around hips and buttocks. Women with a waist size of more than 35 inches and men with a waist size of 40 inches are at high risk of developing health issues related to obesity. Read on to know what the causes of obesity are; what health issues are related to obesity and how these can be controlled.
Symptoms of Obesity
You will be considered obese if your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. The body mass index is calculated dividing your weight (in kilograms) by your height (in meters). A normal BMI is between 18.5 and 25. If you fall between 25 and 30, you are overweight and BMIs above than 30 are the symptoms of obesity
Causes of Obesity
Our eating behavior is the prime influencer whether we gain weight or not. If we eat more and burn less, we gain weight. If we eat less and exercise, we lose weight. However, our eating behavior is influenced by our habits, emotions, availability of food and various biological factors like hormones and genetics. If one of your parents is obese, you are more likely to be obese. If your family and friends do overeating, eat unhealthy food high in saturated fat, eat at irregular times, skip meals, and are not physically active, your behavior would probably be the same.
Health Issues Related to Obesity
If you are overweight, you are prone to health problems more than those of normal weight. Given are the physical health issues associated with the obesity compelling to follow obesity control tips.
High Blood Pressure
Overweight makes you more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both of these conditions lead to heart diseases and more likely stroke. A blood pressure of 120/80 is normal. If the above number is continuously 140 or higher or the lower number is 90 or higher, you are considered to have high blood pressure. Your extra weight puts burden on your heart making it harder to supply blood to the whole body cells and ultimately increasing blood pressure. Overweight also affects your kidney and disturb their function of regulating blood pressure. Weight loss and physical activities may lower high blood pressure. Moreover, reducing the intake of salt and quitting smoking can be helpful in maintaining blood pressure.
There are several problems that affect your heart and the most common problem is wherein the blood vessel that carries blood to the heart turns stiffer and narrow. It restricts the supply of enough blood to the heart. Other problems may affect how the heart pumps. These heart problems can cause chest pain, irregular heartbeat, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. The obesity may increase the risk for heart disease as it makes changes to your heart and makes it work harder to send blood to all body cells.
Weight loss may improve blood pressure, cholesterol level and blood flow. Losing 5 to 10 percent of your weight may reduce the chances of developing heart diseases. It means if you weigh 200 pounds, you need to lose 10 pounds.
Type 2 Diabetes
In the United States, diabetes is among the leading causes of death and the type 2 diabetes is the most common of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar level is above normal and most of the type 2 diabetes sufferers are overweight. High blood sugar can lead to heart diseases, stroke, kidney problems and blindness. The factors that trigger the chances of diabetes include a low-level activity, poor diet and weight around the waist.
You can reduce your likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes by losing weight, eating a balanced diet, exercising and taking enough sleep. Being more physically active can help you control your blood sugar level and reduce the need to take diabetes medication.
Your overweight can cause breathing issues such as sleep apnea and asthma. Sleep apnea is a condition wherein the sufferer snores heavily or stops breathing for short episodes during sleep. It makes you tired and increases the risks of heart disease and stroke. Losing weight can help cure sleep apnea.
Obesity is linked with cancers of the colon, breast, kidney, endometrium and esophagus. Some studies have also found links between obesity and the cancers of ovaries, pancreas and gallbladder. You are more likely to develop gallbladder disease or gallstone if you are obese. However, rapid weight loss or loss of a large amount of weight can make you more likely to get gallstones. Reducing around 1 pound a week can reduce risks of developing gallstones.
Gout is a disease that causes pain attacks and swelling in your joints. It happens when you have more uric acid in your blood. The extra uric acid form crystals that stores in the joints and cause problems. The more you are overweight, the more likely you are to develop gout. Sudden and rapid weight changes may lead to the flare-up of gout. See your doctor for the best ways to lose weight if you have a history of gout.
Osteoarthritis is a common chronic condition of joints that affects the knees, hip, and lower back. Extra weight puts an extra burden on joints and damages the tissues that protect joints. Weight loss can lower down the stress on knees, hips and back and reduces the chances of developing osteoarthritis.
The Bottom Line
Around 600 million people around the world are the victims of the obesity which does not just affect their physical health but also triggers many mental and psychological health concerns. Excessive use of technology, lack of physical activities and consumption of unhealthy foods are the main factors behind the increase of obesity rate. If you or any of your family members is overweight, see your health care provider and follow a proper weight loss plan.